NCCN Quick Guide™ | Uterine Cancer

1 of 2 NCCNQUICK GUIDE tm Uterine Cancer, 2019 This NCCNQUICK GUIDE tm sheet summarizes key points from the complete NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Uterine Cancer . T hese guidelines explain which tests and treatments are recommended by experts in cancer. To view and download the guidelines, visit NCC N.or g/patients or, to order printed copies, visit What is uterine cancer? „„ Uterine cancer is cancer that starts in the uterus, or womb. „„ There are two main types of uterine cancer: endometrial cancer and uterine sarcoma. „„ Endometrial cancer is common and is often found before it has spread from the uterus. „„ Uterine sarcoma is rarer and more aggressive than endometrial cancer. 7 How is uterine cancer detected? There is no screening test for endometrial cancer. The most common sign is vaginal bleeding after menopause. Uterine sarcoma is often found after a hysterectomy. 11 How do doctors give uterine cancer a stage? The following key pieces of information are used to stage uterine cancer: „„ The extent or size of the tumor „„ Whether any lymph nodes have cancer „„ Whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body (metastasized) 15 What are some tests that I might have? Blood tests In addition to routine bloodwork, some women will have their blood tested for a substance called CA-125. This can help determine whether cancer has spread beyond the uterus and whether treatment is working. 20 Imaging tests Imaging tests used for uterine cancer may include chest x-ray, CT (computed tomography), and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). 23 Tumor marker testing The tumor removed during surgery can be tested for markers that make it unique. DNA mismatch repair testing and estrogen receptor testing are tumor marker tests used for uterine cancer. Not all women will have both. 26 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® Page Number Ü NCCN GUIDELINES FOR PATIENTS ® NCCN QUICK GUIDE tm Uterine Cancer Endometrial Cancer | Uterine Sarcoma 2019