NCCN Quick Guide™ | Colon Cancer

1 of 2 NCCN QUICK GUIDE tm Colon Cancer, 2018 This NCCNQUICK GUIDE tm sheet summarizes key points from the complet e NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Colon Cancer . T hese guidelines explain which tests and treatments are recommended by experts in cancer. To view and download the guidelines, visit NCC N.or g/ patients or, to order printed copies, visit What is colon cancer? The colon is part of the large intestine, which is part of the digestive system. Cancer can form in growths called polyps on the inside of the colon. If not found and treated early enough, cancer can grow through the colon wall and into other areas of the body. 8 How is colon cancer staged? The following key pieces of information are used to give colon cancer a stage: „„ How far cancer has grown through the colon wall „„ Whether there is cancer in nearby lymph nodes „„ Whether the cancer has spread to areas far from the colon (metastasized) 12 Who is at increased risk of colon cancer? People with Lynch syndrome (also called hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer) or FAP (familial adenomatous polyposis) are at high risk of getting colon cancer. 15 Will I need tests before treatment? For everyone with colon cancer „„ Complete physical exam and health history „„ Colonoscopy „„ Biopsy „„ Testing for mismatch repair (MMR)/microsatellite instability (MSI) gene mutations 13 For some people with colon cancer „„ Blood tests (complete blood count [CBC], chemistry profile, carcinoembryonic antigen [CEA]) „„ Imaging tests (computed tomography [CT], magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) „„ Testing for KRAS/NRAS and BRAF gene mutations 13 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® Page Number Ü NCCN GUIDELINES FOR PATIENTS ® NCCN QUICK GUIDE tm Colon Cancer 2018